About the book
The Planning Commission has decided to prepare State Development Reports (SDRs) for all States and Union Territories of India. The objective in bringing out these reports is to provide a credible independent quality reference document on the development profile, set out strategies for accelerating the growth rate of States, lessen disparities and reduce poverty. The SDR is meant to discuss the constraints and challenges faced by a State and provide a vision, blueprint or a roadmap for its socioeconomic progress.
Each SDR is being prepared with the assistance of reputed national-level agencies, under the supervision of a core committee, headed by a Member of the Planning Commission, and including a senior representative of the State Government. The publication of the Maharashtra Development Report follows the recently published SDRs of Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh, while SDRs of many other States and Union Territories of India are under various stages of preparation.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands Development Report highlights issues related to the development priorities of the islands and the road ahead in health, education, tribal development, environment, agriculture, ports, shipping and air connectivity. The report suggests a long-term plan to restore the livelihoods, adversity affected by the Tsunami in December 2004. It is expected to serve as a useful reference material and stimulate informed debate on the policy issues faced by the Union Territory.
CONTENTS IN DETAIL :
The Core Committee.
Message from Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission.
Foreword from Member, Planning Commission.
List of Tables and Annexures
1. Development of Andaman Nicobar Islands: A Profile and Emerging Issues
Area and Location
Income Level and Growth in the UT
Growth of Co-operatives
Growth of Small Scale Industrial Units (SSIs)
Growth of Registered Factories
Growth in Enterprises in Service Sector
Meager Resources of the UT
Carrying Capacity of the UT
Directions for Development of UT
2. Financial Position and Outlook
Trends in Receipts and Expenditure
Structure of Expenditure
Status of Local Bodies
Revenue and Expenditure Projections for the Tenth Five-year Plan
Main Findings and Conclusions
3. Infrastructure: An Assessment
New Approaches to the Provision of Infrastructure
Roads and Bridges
Urban and Rural Water Supply
4. Shipping and Maritime Services.
Present Status and Major Concerns
Development of Allied Sectors related to Maritime Transportation Services
Air Services between Mainland and ANI
Comparison of Shipping Costs per pax with Costs of Air Services
Summary of Main Proposals
5. Biodiversity and Environment Protection
ANI in Human Development Map of India
Health and Family Welfare
6. Issues in Tribal Development.
Conservation and Development
of Scheduled of Tribes (STs)
Health and Education
Empowerment of Tribals and Systems
Tribal Sub-Plans (TSP)
Some Measures for Improving the Tribal
7. Agriculture and Animal Husbandry.
Status of Agriculture
Strategies for Improvement
Low Input—Low Volume—high Value Organic Agriculture
Specific Suggestions for Identified Crops
Animal Husbandry and Dairy
Measures of Reclamation of Agricultural Land
Strategy for Development
8. Fisheries and Sea Food Industry.
Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats
Potential and Current Exploitation
Deep Sea/oceanic Fisheries
Strategy for Development
Upgradation/Replacement of Traditional Crafts with Motorised Boats
Construction of Mechanised Boats
Promotion of Private Long Liners/Purse Seiners
Commissioning of Collector Vessels
Improving the Socioeconomic Status of Fishermen and Strengthening Fishermen Co-operatives
Potential for Mariculture in ANI
Strategy for Development of Sea Food Industry
9. Small-scale, Village and Forest Based Industries.
Organisational Set-up, Industrial Policy and Infrastructure in ANI
Contribution of Secondary Sector to GSDP
The Way Ahead
Bamboo based Industry
Handicrafts and Village Industries
10. Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management.
Forest Management: An Overview
Management Units in the Current Working Plans
Future Strategies of Forest Management
Management of Mangroves
Cane and Bamboo Development
Application of GIS in Forestry Sector
11. Tourism in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Tourism Policy in ANI
Tourism Industry and Tourism Economy
Tourism in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Challenges for Tourism Development in ANI
Additional Issues in Tourism Development
12. Manpower Planning and Employment.
Employment and Population Dynamics
Trends in Employment
Trends in Labour Productivity
Measures to Improve Employment Situation
Measures to Improve Labour Productivity
Employment Generation: Some Projections
13. Disaster Management.
Where Do We Stand?
The Coastal Regulation Zones, 1991
Disaster Management/Plan/Strategy/Mechanism in ANI